Tai Chi

Introduction to Qigong Tai Chi Chuan
[ 氣功太極拳 ] 介紹

“Qigong Tai Chi Quan” is traditional tai chi chuan, and during the orientation period all learners have to acquire the Taoist “ Conversion Internally in Dan-tian ” qigong with the skills of Taoist “keeping mind on Ming Men and direct qi adhering to the back”. However, due to short term vision, and have never studied the classical literature of the collections on tai chi chuan, they are not clear about that to practice tai chi chuan is just to practice moving qigong. Many people may feel several year “Natural Breath” practice would let nature take its course, it is just the “natural breath” as explained by the master. In fact, even many practitioners with decades of year experience on the tai chi chuan practice still have blurred understanding on the concept, breath taking for practicing the quan and normal breathing are not distinguished.

Master Ho Tai Chi

“Qigong Tai Chi Quan” employs the technique of “Motional Postural Respiration”, emphasizing that the breath have to be combined with pattern and motion. Each movement in practicing must follow the opening/closing rule of “Yin/Yang”, accompanied by deep breathing of “Keeping Mind on Ming Men”. Every school of systematic martial arts has its own set of rules on taking-in/exhaling and drawing-in/releasing-out, which is put as the physical state of forwarding/receding and attacking/defending. Tai chi chuan is a school of marital arts but not gym exercises, the martial arts would loose original significance and effectiveness if the practice does not comply with the requirements and the principles.

Tai Chi Group

Parramatta Senior Tai Chi Show

There is the requirement on the “Motional Respiration Breathing” that, application of technical pattern is purposely combined with qi moving breath in every movement, this is completely different from the “Natural Breathing”. Because of the qi moving integrated in all attacking/defending, the results of which is much better than the ones of “Natural Breathing”, especially for the occasion of “power releasing”, the power tends to be not sufficient if there is no combined in-out breathing. The breathing in conjunction with motional pattern of movements, which has been widely applied in many sporting items, is can be said that the motion is an advanced skill in sports. Since tai chi chuan is one of the most advanced items in all martial arts, the employment of the “Motional Respiration Breathing” technique is reasonable. The theories of medical treatment state that, exercise with excess oxygen consumption is a major measure on rehabilitation which is taken after therapeutic treatment by doctors.

When practicing the “Qigong Tai Chi Chuan” which is featured with “Motional Respiration Breathing”, strict rules must be followed at any speed for motion. More specially: evenly breathing, physical body movement at even speed, and postural technique follows breathing for changed shape. There is an old saying: “Dragon Shape and Monkey Portrait”, which refers to physical technique and postural shape, and states that the whole body is loosened and stretched out as the usual posture of “dragon” when in-breathing, while contracting of the body is the other way round for out-breathing as the usual posture of monkey. The text of Tai Chi Chuan classics explains the techniques in detail, “containing the chest to pull the back upright and withdrawing the belly on hip squat when doing in-breathing”, at the same time “ keeping mind on Ming Men and direct the qi adhering to the back ”, then followed by “tucking the tailbone to h ang up the crotch”, and that leads to a state of contracting body. Vise verse, for out-breathing that, the whole body is loosened up completely, all muscles and the skeleton is stretched out and pulled out with the mind set of “the crown of the head is suspended by an imaged lifting force” ( xu-ling-ding-jin), as at the time it is called “complete voidness” which is eventually going to be “all”.

This set of “Qigong Tai Chi Chuan” which are fully based on the requirements of the classical Taoist qigong and the theories of tai chi chuan, has been the achievement through extensive studies and meditation practices by the efforts of over two generations, and actually verified widely by many other disciple s or learners , the effects resulting from the practice is much more beneficial if compared with the “natural breathing”. Practitioners would not only enjoy great heath, and also would perform rapid reactions and body movements for self defending. More, the skill of “four liang force often can dispel the momentum of a thousand jin power ” can be a handy maneuver e , and the person would not suffer a loss. Anyone who successfully practices “Qigong Tai Chi Chuan” being in a strict accordance with the requirements of the “Motional Respiration Breathing” will reach the dual aims of having a prolonged healthy life and strengthened fitness for self-defense.

Master Ho Instructor Certificate

Master Ho’s father Ho PaoChen’s Tai Chi instructor certificate(1959)

Tai Chi Class

Judy Owens, Parramatta Representative(middle), learning Tai Chi

Tai Chi with Elderly

Teaching Tai Chi In Nursing Home

Taoism and Yin-Yang Theory

The Taoist ideologies and the Yin-Yang theory are the orientation mentalities and theoretical basis for practicing meditation of Taoist martial arts namely Internal Style of kung-fu at an advanced level. In fact, one who understands Taoism would not be necessarily a person who undertakes practicing the Taoist kung-fu, while one who practices Taoist kung-fu and also whose kung-fu has reached an advanced level of Internal Martial Arts is deemed to be a person who has studied Taoism, and also he bears the ideologies or thoughts in mind at all times. And at the very least, the occurrences that are in accordance with the criteria of the Taoist theories are quite often for those that possess an advanced level of kung-fu, even they have never gone through any text of literature on Taoism.

Among the group of the learners, the majority are westerners and those people with non-Chinese speaking background. However, after receiving long term coaching and the process of learning under my direct instruction and demonstration by the way of body language for communication they have gradually accepted and understood the nature of Taoism, and also they have appeared to be of the model type in terms of practicing experts on meditation.

In carrying on the arts of health preservation and enhancement passed down by my family, and in avoidance of the possibility that it tends to be lost in our generation in the future, I have put great efforts not only by my own indulged practice and research, and also impart and provide coaching to successors. Because I have concerned that tai chi chuan has become a type of soft tai chi exercises, virtually a type of skill for stage performance, even a form of costume property for promotion of the politics. Based on the observation on my coaching practice in Sydney in the last decade, more than 90 % tai chi chuan training participators possess no much understanding on the Taoist theories in the wake of deep political interference in the past few decades, they don’t know the system of positive and negative, virtually firmness and softness.

The key point that I would like to emphasize, in order to avoid the pitfall I have mentioned above there is the necessity to train new generation of tai-chi and ba-gua masters. It has been consistently required that all youth to grasp the real contents embodied in the Chinese Taoist culture when receiving coaching, while the tai-chi exercises needs to follow up the movement techniques in the classical form handed down from ancient times, and also comply with the strict requirements on the form prescribed in the classical literature for inner meditation practice, so as to train them to become a new generation of successors for the Wudan school of tai-chi and ba-gua, in virtue of truly qualified instructors.

The effort has been well underway that a systematic training program for qualified instructors are being delivered to a dozen of young senior students, part of them have been P/T tai-chi-chuan instructors. They have been highly appraised for their great performance. And the majority is non Chinese, indicating that the aim to promote the meditation heritage elite of the Chinese Taoism, the tai-chi and ba-gua kung fu, to spread allover the world is possible, and the ancestral Taoist kung fu won’t be lost in the wake of the efforts. For the reason I am currently writing and compiling this professional working paper with both English and Chinese versions, the emphasis is the focus on the linkage between theories and real practices, which are prepared for those beginners and intermediate students with a few years of experiences on the learning of the tai-chi and ba-gua kung fu to lift their skills to an advanced level. All materials contained herewith are mostly the experiences of my own and the information can be verified with at any time, which aims to show the facts that the obedience to Taoism has been the legitimacy based on the achievements gained from my own meditation practice and consequential health conditions of my students, the goal of “ having a prolonged healthy life and strengthened fitness for self-defense”.

The root of the Taoist kung-fu

“Yi Jing” (often spelled as I Ching, I Jing, Yi Ching, Yi King, or called the ‘Book of Change’ ) is an achievement of the research by ancient Taoist meditation practitioners at the time as early as 2000 years ago, “Yi Jing” represents the foundation of the traditional culture of Chinese folk, which has the contents covering those realms closely relating to natural universe and humanitarian society such as politics, military affairs, education, civil life, astronomy, geography etc.. The real effectiveness of the Taoist Wudan kung fu in health preservation and self defense is just based on the outcomes of “Yi Jing”.

The Eight Diagrams is a major component in the “Yi Jing” emblem , which has a variety of explanations; Chinese medicine is one of them. The qigong that I am practicing and coaching is just about the breathing in accordance with the pattern described in the Eight Diagrams of “Yi Jing” symbol for energy mobilization and physical respiration, so do the postures and motions in the tai-chi and ba-gua kung fu.

Firstly for the issues of qigong, the respiration of body and physical posture motion follow the tracks of Yin Yang emblem , virtually in a pattern of the inescapably intertwined dual cycles, or say a pattern of figure 8. The movement in the form of twin cycles is also called the movement of “Dual Fish Diagram, that reflects the inescapably intertwined duality of starting and finishing aspects for all things in nature being within the boundary of the dual cycles. The movement following the pattern is consecutive in diminishing form, at an even speed rate, slow and soft, which encourages the full and complete mobilization of vital energy in human body from internal to external and from the center to the end of all figures.

When following the track of arc, which is combined with revolving screwed pattern of body movement for respiration, a motion of chi would be very effective for loosening of the muscles and blood vessels on every part of a body. Because the combination of deep breathing and physical body motion, oxygen supply increases dramatically tending to lead a circulation of arterial blood gas at a full degree, and lift the function of every part of a body. This type of effect for oxygen charging motion is very similar to the process of dough preparing, is a type of oxygen charging process for physiotherautic massage, which has a unique creative effect on the treatment of chronic diseases and some uncured injuries, especially for the health of senior people and slow down the degeneration of organic function and enhance the immune capability in prevention against illness and have a direct assistance to the control on balancing of body.

The motion for inner qi and physical movement strictly follow the form of arc virtually a combination of internal and external methods for meditation practice, whichever it is the movement of internal qi (vital energy) through the pathway of the Ren artery (the front) and Du artery (back), or the revolving movement of waist being over knee externally, they all must follow the pathway of twin cycle form as the figure 8 pattern indicates. An example is an interchange forma between the forwarding advance jungle step and void backward step, it must be one forwarding revolving cycle and which is followed by another backward revolving cycle, such as the pathway moving along the figure 8 pattern, it needs mutual cooperative movements among front and back parts of waist, knees, and feet. While the body is revolving as a knob, which would be very effective for the beauty of muscle on thighs below waist and the therapy of chronic arthrosis.

Once the effectiveness of fat loosing and the agility of waist-crotch obtained, physical moving action would speed up and stepping would be prompt, then striking stance from opponent would be dispelled with a high proficiency when applying some tactics of self defense arts. While hand catching attempt by opponent can be turned away by pushing hands skill moving in an arc route, and straight strike can be hold up by loosing and soft hand skills of Tai Chi, accompanied by arc form of moving foot pace, aggressor would fail to strike and even can not withhold the momentum and loose own balance, this is just a real case of “the power of four liang strength often can dispel the momentum of a thousand jin force”.

Taoist kung fu is supposed to strictly follows the principles and philosophies of Taoism for meditation, and that’s how it succeeds.

How to comprehend classical theories of instruction on practice

Chinese culture has a prolonged history, the classical theories on tai chi chuan is abstractive and not easy to understand by normal people of the modern society, it is even much more difficulty to fully convert these description into English.

All of those classical theories on the practice are composed of some words and phrases with profound meaning or indication, some of them contain idiomatic expression, while some of them use the words of parabolic description on the postures of animals, while some are expressed in scenery adjectives, some are psychologically self consciousness, it is quite often that one word or one phrase would embody one story or one subject with uncountable variations. As to these classical glossaries, the very first thing is to learn ancient literature and historical adversaria, and grasp a whole picture of the Chinese history with over several thousand years of evolution progression and those renewed influential public events. Upon a real insight into the history, then the understanding of all those contents in the classics on the quan can be complete.

For example, “ 動之則分 , 靜之則合 ”(Dong Zhi Ze Fen, Jing Zhi Ze He” , literally a moving postural stance has a tendency of separation while static postural stance has a tendency of moving, which are of rich implication, including body posture for action, movement, flow of qi and blood, even striking forms of boxing techniques and withholding forms in combating art for self defense etd., all of these are in a process of conversion between Yin and Yang, negative and positive energy, and indeed a denotation on the law of contradiction.

More, “ 以我之柔 , 順其勢化之 ”, (Yi Wo Wei Zhu , Shun Qi Shi Hua Zhi), this sentence also contains general rules of thumb for being as an good citizen in the society, implying that gentleness and courtesy rather than impetuosity and rampage are the good manners for dealing with any person or handling any matter. So softness is focused when doing movement. And softness is also used to dissolve firmness, virtually weakness overcomes strength by taking an advantage of the strength when doing combating for self defending, that’s the way of “ four liang force often can dispel the momentum of a thousand jin power

As classical theories on the Quan practices which sets the aims that, how to conduct breathing for body movement ( vital energy cultivation and qi preservation for fitness) and self defending boxing, every word has profound meaning, and closely related to the two aims mentioned above. During the last decades, because of some intervenes prompted by political force in Mainland China (the origin of Taoist culture), a majority of tai chi and ba-gua practitioners have not studied those literature relating to the subject of self healing and qigong in the domain of Taoist culture, and with very little knowledge on the classical theories on tai chi and ba-gua, the consequence is that the practice of the tai chi and ba-gua kung fu in China has become exercises for body fitness with nothing of rooted connotation.

To make a change to the current situation needs to take at least the efforts of two generations for decades. However, every one who has a basic literacy and has participated in the tai chi and ba-gua practice should read and learn the literature on the classical instructions to the quan practices, then it would be possible to carry on the complete inheritance of the tai chi and ba-gua kung fu.

With respect to the study on the classical instruction to the quan practices, any person who intends to fully grasp the Taoist kung fu for the purposes of health preservation and self defense definitely needs to relevant theories. The key factor for a successful meditation practice largely depends on the realization and comprehension of classical instruction on the quan practice, the effect is proportional to the degree of understanding, it has been tested by my own personal experience over the past years. Nevertheless, among my students, students that have studied the theories have gained much more on the degree of kung fu and the results of self healing than those who have not carried out study.

To recognize Yin and Yang and understand Real or False .

To recognize Yin and Yang as the masculine and feminine elements, and to understand Real or False.

Practicing the Taoist kung fu, especially it is intended to reach a satisfactory outcome for prevention from illness and self protection, the first thing is to recognize Yin and Yang , and understand false and real actions.

In classical “Classics of Tai Chi Chuan”, there is a strict requirement on “Yin/Yang and False/Real”, recognizing and doing is a basic principle to practice any type of tai chi chuan. The words of Tai Chi itself refers to a conversion between the states of Yin and Yang, in respect of mind set, thought, body movement, tactic for eye contact, hand technique, stepping technique, combating skill etc. including all inner organs inside the body, in-out breathing, mobilization of qi and blood, they must follow the rule of conversion between Yin and Yang whatever would it be the case, either individual exercise, or pushing hand practice between two persons, or separated single set of combating technique, the rule of Yin/Yang and False/Real should be put into all real applications.

Example one: a hand can be a peer of Yin and Yang, the back of a hand that carries the intent when withdrawing backwards is in a state of Yin, vise verse, the palm of a hand that carries the intent when pushing out forwards is a state of Yang.

Example two: as to arm, rotating arm with inward swing around a center is in a state of Yin, on the other hand, rotating arm with outward swing is in a state of Yang.

Example three: for stepping, backward false stepping with suspended pause leg is in a state of Yin, a bow stance with forward inclined weight centre of a body is in a state of Yang.

Example four: with respect to postural technique, when holding chest in and have the back lifted with slight back bowing, drawing in abdomen and maintaining a low squat position up to waist, loosing abdomen and sink the condensed qi deeply into the bones “around vertebra behind the solar plexus area”, and keeping mind at the Ming Men acupuncture point, that is the process of in breath being the nature of Yin. When one is continuing to tuck tail bone (coccyx) and lift perineum as vital energy flushing upwards, virtually an insubstantial energy that leads the head upward, central vertebra elongated upward with relaxed exhale, that is the process of Yang.

Example five: for the concentration of mind set, keeping mind at the “Ming Men”, loosing abdomen and sink the condensed qi sunk into deeply the bones “around vertebra behind the solar plexus area”, and keeping mind at the Ming Men acupuncture point, is energy stored up, namely withholding stance, aggregating stance, aggressive stance, and tightened strength, they are all of Yin, vise verse, when one tucks tail bone (coccyx) and lift perineum as vital energy flushing upwards (such as strength released as releasing an arrow”, they are starting stance, discharging stance, giving-out stance, open stance, loosening stance etc., they are all in the state of Yang.

Example six: as to the applied techniques for combating, stepping backward for defensive withdrawing is of Yin, while meeting up an attack and take advantage of the momentum is of Yang.

In conclusion, any technique or move of the Taoist kung fu has the aspects of Yin and Yang representing a unity of opposites, sometime one moving action constitutes a process of in and out breath, virtually a unity of Yin and Yang, sometime one movement contains more then two in-out breath taking, virtually multiple conversions of Yin and Yang. When practicing skill reaches an advanced level, it is possible that Yang can be involved in Yin, and Yin involved in Yang, the true mingled with the false, true or false is not easily tested, that is some techniques basically used in out-breathing process can be used in in-breathing, and vise verse, the attempts make the offender not easily to perceive your next move, which is just an real application of the most advanced techniques used in the widely recognized Wu-dan kung fu.

All of Yin and Yang conversion practices mentioned above should be completed according to the law of a unity of opposites and accompanied by deep breathing for directing the qi flow when practicing the tai chi chuan form.

As long as the rule of “smooth breathing taken with concentrated flow of qi” denotes the combination of breath and movement, the mediation objectives of “healing of mind and preservation of inner energy, intended for health and longevity” and self defense surely would be reached.

The method for practicing the “Taoist Qigong”

This Qigong method is a prolonged technique for qi cultivation and movement, practitioners need individual coaching and demonstration by instructor at the very beginning stage, and they would successfully pass the junior stage, the pathway of the qi flow is very unique, all concerns must be guided personally by an experienced instructor.

This type of qigong method is based on the curve path as the “Yin and Yang fishes” in the Eight Diagrams symbol, the qi flow is circulated around the whole of a body according to the rule of conversion between Yin and Yang. Nose is used for in breath which is taken from external air under the direction of mind thinking and moved downward to the throat, same as swallowing of water down through the throat (while the qi is sunk to the throat before the qi flow from breathing reaches the level of eyebrow. Herewith, the body posture should be “hold in the chest” and “sink the shoulder”, a slightly opening mouth, upper and lower tooth touching together, and tongue raised up, with convergent gaze, the whole body loosened up, the vertebra at the back become a bit bending shape as the “body portrait of monkey”. Any move in connection with the posture should be in a state of “closing stance “, virtually a Yin nature of body posture. As the breath continues downward to the “Tan-zhong Acupoint” and drawn in there. And when the qi is then mindfully directed to the “Ming Men” acu-point which is located at the kidney level of the back spine, “hip squat with the drawn in belly”, two legs slackened with the knees slightly bent, physical tactics are “ mind concentrated on Ming Men, relaxing belly for sinking the condensed qi into bones”, then direct the qi downward along the “ Chang Qiang Point (GV1)” up to the perineum point, as the relaxed upper part of body sitting on a chair, the weight of the body is supported by the feet, mostly will be on the heels. Up to the moment, “tucking the tailbone under and hang up the crotch” being carried out at the same time. As the qi pass the “perineum” and becomes a state of the “lifted crotch”, then contracting the lower private parts, when drawing back the lifted lower belly the in-breathing will be converted into the out-breathing, When taking breath the mouth and nose remain open, up and lower tooth are separated, the tongue is coming down, when uplifting the head “an substantial energy leads to the head upward”, the qi should be directed to the “Huang Ting Point” and the “Ming Men Point”. The qi will go through the throat to the crown of the head. At this point the spine of the body is upward extended and erect with relaxed mind, and loosened shoulders and chest slightly popped out, all muscles and the skeleton are openly stretched out, raised up right neck “energy drawn to the crown of the head”, the mind is concentrated on “Bai Hui Point”. A process of breath has been completed, a conversion between the Yin and the Yang, a body respiration containing both internal and external movements has been fully completed.

Mind must be concentrated when doing exercises, the direction of the qi should follow the arc path as the figure 8, all beginners must follow the feeling of a conversion between Yin and Yang by association on the procedures along the route of the qi movement, and every reaction on the body, consultation with a coaching master should be sought after in time as any question or doubt arising.

Long term consistent practicing of the qigong of “Circulation Internally in Dan-tian” and “keeping mind on Ming Men” could be the way to cure a variety of regular deceases, such as hormone imbalance, adenitis, heart diseases, gout diseases, neuropathic diseases, high or low blood pressure, sexually transmitted diseases, gastroptosis, prolapse of the uterus, prostate diseases, hemorrhoid, sexual function, sexual dysfunction, degenerative spondylolisthesis, hucklebone neuralgia, and frozen shoulder etc. chronic diseases as well as injuries on body and repetitive pains, osteoarthristis and rheumatoid arthritis etc. that relate to the pains resulting from illnesses of muscles and skeleton. Hypogenesis, runtishness and constitutional debility among children, physical function retrogression of aging people etc., the rehabilitation therapy process can be carried out at step-by-step through the meditation practice.

Introduction to “Circulation Internally in Dan-tian”

Taoist Qi-gong has a history of over a few thousand years, “ Dan-tian Qi-gong” is one of them. “Alchemy of Elixir” is an ancient Chinese doctors placed herbs in pot, and made them decocted by fire till they formed into the shape of pills, they were the medicines released to patients. While “Immortalizing Qi-gong” namely “Dan-tian Qi-gong” is an imagination of the “alchemy” process conducted within the inner body, wishing great fitness and healthy longevity for life.

The following text gives out a brief introduction to the “ Dan-tian Qi-gong” in the form of the “Circulation Internally in Dan-tian” as practicing “keeping mind on Ming Men and direct the qi adhering to the back ”, and the “loosening belly and sinking the qi permeating into bones” of tai chi. The exercises can be repetitive, and also combined into the moves in the whole form of tai chi practice, in a way of “internal and external simultaneously”, fundamentally it becomes the “Qigong Tai Chi Quan”.

The qigong is a “moving” in nature but not “static”, it must be conducted in connection with physical movements. The consciousness must accord to the thoughts of Lao Zi, so as to guide absorbed “external qi” along specified path of inner body in a way of “specially led qi for effective softness”, and also it must be completed in cooperation with the body movements in the form of deep breathing at the belly. All actions of tai chi chuan move gently at an even speed, it follows the rule of inter conversion between “Yin and Yang” as to infinite opening and closing, drawing in and give out functional organs of internal and external body, effectively and smoothly transfer fresh oxygen to all parts of a body, and feed sufficient supplies evenly to every part of a body, physical functions are enhanced dramatically, then the intent of heath preservation would be reached.

From the perspective of qi-gong, traditional Chinese medicine assets that vigour (vital energy) is determined by the level of strength. A person who has a good state of vigour is in a healthy condition, vise verse an unhealthy condition. “Oxygen” is so vital in West medicine, Oxygen would be used for any patient in a first aid setting, followed by normal treatment. However, oxygen therapy would benefit the patient only by the successful supply of oxygen to the body, while, the jargon “clearing up channels and collaterals ( meridian)” , “getting through acupuncture points” used in Chinese medicine, which just refers to the aim to increase the supply of oxygen.

“Oxygen” and “Alchemy of Elixir” is interrelated , fire needs “oxygen” to burn. According to the doctrines of Chinese medicine, the “Ren and Du Meridians” are the most important acu-point part in human body, where the “Ming Men Point” of the “Du Meridian” denotes “fire”, the “Ming Men” refers to the gate of life, life relies on heat energy, “Ming Men Point” is a place for producing heat energy. “Ming Men Point” is between two kidneys at the lower back spine at about the level of waist, kidney denotes water in the doctrine of “ acupuncture points of channels and collaterals”, a warm temperature of the “water” indicates a normal condition of kidney, lower temperature of the “water” indicates a poor function of the part, colloquially it is said the “vital energy” is undergoing declined.

The ancients regarded “Ming Men Point” as a burner, the kidneys residing each aside were imaged as two pots of water, “Ming Men Point” located between the second and third lumbar vertebrae, just beneath the two kidneys, and opposite the navel. When practicing the Qigong of “keeping mind on Ming Men”, the “Oxygen” breathed in is consciously directed to the “burner”, “Ming Men Point”, and opening/closing motions are carried out simultaneously, as if the temperature of charcoal fire in stove is intensified by drawing and pushing the handle on bellows for smelting iron in ancient time, the “fire” of Ming Men is getting e xuberant heat, consequently the kidneys and even the whole body are getting warmed up. Heat energy represents the vital strength of the functions on human body. The purpose of practicing Qigong is to practice “Energy, Qi, Spirit”, bone marrow in the vertebrae represents the physical modality of “energy, qi, sprit” which is closely related to the condition of whole body and even the health of next generation.

There is a strict set of requirements on this type of qigong practicing, beginners have to receive coaching and demonstrative instruction in person from instructor for a successful completion rather than self studying from reading.

Introduction to Qigong Tai Chi Chuan

“Qigong Tai Chi Quan” is traditional tai chi chuan, and during the orientation period all learners have to acquire the Taoist “ Conversion Internally in Dan-tian ” qigong with the skills of Taoist “keeping mind on Ming Men and direct qi adhering to the back”. However, due to short term vision, and have never studied the classical literature of the collections on tai chi chuan, they are not clear about that to practice tai chi chuan is just to practice moving qigong. Many people may feel several year “Natural Breath” practice would let nature take its course, it is just the “natural breath” as explained by the master. In fact, even many practitioners with decades of year experience on the tai chi chuan practice still have blurred understanding on the concept, breath taking for practicing the quan and normal breathing are not distinguished.

“Qigong Tai Chi Quan” employs the technique of “Motional Postural Respiration”, emphasizing that the breath have to be combined with pattern and motion. Each movement in practicing must follow the opening/closing rule of “Yin/Yang”, accompanied by deep breathing of “Keeping Mind on Ming Men”. Every school of systematic martial arts has its own set of rules on taking-in/exhaling and drawing-in/releasing-out, which is put as the physical state of forwarding/receding and attacking/defending. Tai chi chuan is a school of marital arts but not gym exercises, the martial arts would loose original significance and effectiveness if the practice does not comply with the requirements and the principles.

There is the requirement on the “Motional Respiration Breathing” that, application of technical pattern is purposely combined with qi moving breath in every movement, this is completely different from the “Natural Breathing”. Because of the qi moving integrated in all attacking/defending, the results of which is much better than the ones of “Natural Breathing”, especially for the occasion of “power releasing”, the power tends to be not sufficient if there is no combined in-out breathing. The breathing in conjunction with motional pattern of movements, which has been widely applied in many sporting items, is can be said that the motion is an advanced skill in sports. Since tai chi chuan is one of the most advanced items in all martial arts, the employment of the “Motional Respiration Breathing” technique is reasonable. The theories of medical treatment state that, exercise with excess oxygen consumption is a major measure on rehabilitation which is taken after therapeutic treatment by doctors.

When practicing the “Qigong Tai Chi Chuan” which is featured with “Motional Respiration Breathing”, strict rules must be followed at any speed for motion. More specially: evenly breathing, physical body movement at even speed, and postural technique follows breathing for changed shape. There is an old saying: “Dragon Shape and Monkey Portrait”, which refers to physical technique and postural shape, and states that the whole body is loosened and stretched out as the usual posture of “dragon” when in-breathing, while contracting of the body is the other way round for out-breathing as the usual posture of monkey. The text of Tai Chi Chuan classics explains the techniques in detail, “containing the chest to pull the back upright and withdrawing the belly on hip squat when doing in-breathing”, at the same time “ keeping mind on Ming Men and direct the qi adhering to the back ”, then followed by “tucking the tailbone to h ang up the crotch”, and that leads to a state of contracting body. Vise verse, for out-breathing that, the whole body is loosened up completely, all muscles and the skeleton is stretched out and pulled out with the mind set of “the crown of the head is suspended by an imaged lifting force” ( xu-ling-ding-jin), as at the time it is called “complete voidness” which is eventually going to be “all”.

This set of “Qigong Tai Chi Chuan” which are fully based on the requirements of the classical Taoist qigong and the theories of tai chi chuan, has been the achievement through extensive studies and meditation practices by the efforts of over two generations, and actually verified widely by many other disciple s or learners , the effects resulting from the practice is much more beneficial if compared with the “natural breathing”. Practitioners would not only enjoy great heath, and also would perform rapid reactions and body movements for self defending. More, the skill of “four liang force often can dispel the momentum of a thousand jin power ” can be a handy maneuver e , and the person would not suffer a loss. Anyone who successfully practices “Qigong Tai Chi Chuan” being in a strict accordance with the requirements of the “Motional Respiration Breathing” will reach the dual aims of having a prolonged healthy life and strengthened fitness for self-defense.

The “Yin/Yang” for postural pattern

Postural pattern is well regarded by the Chinese kung-fu, there are a variety of requirements on postural patterns of different schools of kung-fu, basically they can be classified into Internal Martial Arts (pinying: Nei-jia) and External Martial Arts (pinyin: Wai-jia), two representatives are Wu-dan g and Shao-lin accordingly; the postural pattern of the Wu-dan kung-fu is Dragon Shape and Monkey Portrait, when moving it can be described as “Dragon Cruising in the Sky”, while when sitting with calming concentration it would look like “ Monkey Sitting Calmly in Cave”. Contrary to that, the Shao-lin kung-fu emphasizes the “Straight Body and Upright Back” , stouthearted moves and rigid build. Two types of the requirements on postural motion patterns for practitioners would lead to two different types of according body builds formed after a few years, all muscles of a whole body and skeleton would appear to be two types of situations, those practitioners with the Wudan kung-fu would gain the quality constitutions of softness and elasticity, while those with the Shao-lin kung-fu would have stiff and rigid and even part of them would suffer from blood vessel cirrhosis and verve stolidity, inactive for moving etc. illnesses typical as function degeneration symptom . Here is a great example, Shao-lin Kung Fu Master who was well known 20 years ago appeared in a TV programme showing his as a kung fu practitioner could only look after his own daily life when it was said that he was being over 80 years old. While, another Tai Chi Master Mr. Wu Tu Nan was around 100 of his age, who vigorously participated one national martial arts show, and performed a demonstration of the Tai Chi kung fu. Another Ba Gua Palm Master Liu Zi Jian, turned up for performance at 100 years of his age. The healthy images of these two masters, both of them were over 100 years of age, are on the top of the martial arts anecdote, they are the models of health preservation.

Basically, the Wudang martial art is being practiced under the guidance of foundational Taoist concepts, by the ways of internal meditation and physical practicing. The Taoist motto “highly concentrated Qi leads to a full degree of softness” , firstly, it refers to a loosened whole body both internally and externally, “highly concentrated Qi” means deep breathing and Qi respiration, “a full degree of softness” indicates moving slowly and softly, the loosened body that is directed by ones own consciousness performs real and false postural moves. The changeover of physical moves must be closely matched with breathing for whatever contradicting and united postural conversions as to drawing/expanding, opening/closing, in/out, withholding on/giving out, loosening/tight etc., they are all related to the principle of physical loosening.

This breathing method and the variety of physical body moves generates the function of self massaging on both internal and external components of a whole body, operates to promote the mechanism of metabolism and the process of new superseding old , same as the effects of medical physiotherapy. Meanwhile, it would be very effective for carrying out eliminating of attacks and successful fighting back in self defence combating, in terms of the “four liang would dissolve the momentum being of over thousand kilograms” technique.

The application of the physical body movement which has been combed with the breathing technique is very helpful to cleaning up the meridians and collaterals, and also the pathways of blood vessels within the human body. There are ample empirical evidences on the term of “being obstructed resulting pains ” for Chinese Medicine, which states that there is inevitably a causal relationship between long term obstruction of blood vessels and illness. Sporting is the most important measure to ensure clear up the blood vessels. Taoism contends that practicing of the martial arts should follow the way of breath respiration, while physical movement is a necessary mean for stimulating the smooth circulation of blood and vital energy. Apart from Qi movement in different revolving angles, there are different moving direction potentials and Qi movements. In order to a full degree of the blood circulation and vital energy moving across all inner and surface parts of a body, only full dimensional moving pattern including in-out such as a spiral move potentially in all angle would make the body lead to an effect that a state of Qi is thoroughly going across the whole body as mentioned above. This type of Qi moving technique is also introduced in some of my other writings, which is the Qi meditation practicing method that makes me to remain the same typical condition as a healthy young people and reach the ever emphasized dual purposes of strengthening healthiness and self protection.

Yin/Yang of waist and crotch

The yin-yang states of the waist and crotch is actually a practicing form of Qi movement being internal of the body for the “inner circulation in the Tan-tian”, an actual representation of physical movements around the waist being external of the body. The part of the waist includes the pelvis and lower backbone beneath the lower abdomen. The whole part is the “Tan-tian”, in front of which, there is “Qi-hai Point”, “Huang-ting Point “at the middle, and “Min-men Point ” at the back. The “Dan-tian” is a conservation place for in-breathing and storing of Qi, while the “Ming Men” is the place for conserving and practicing of the three treasures in the traditional Chinese medicine, in terms of vital essential essence (Jing) , Qi, and spiritual energy (Shen).

The transforming of the yin and yang at the waist and crotch is carried out in the motion process of abdomen pattern in a form of deep breathing, and in respect of the “tucking the tailbone” movement at the lower part of the abdomen, constituting of rolling ball pattern for Qi round cycling movement. This type of effect has a great massaging and metabolism effects on the backbone and tailbone, which makes constant circulation of fresh blood at the lower abdomen part of a body, and consequently sufficient oxygen can be supplied with the all components at the Tan-tian in terms of all inside and outside muscular organs around the pelvis area including internal entrails and muscular blood vessels and nerves at the joints on the backbone skeleton, the consequential result would be full of vigour and vitality. This type of waist exercise with oxygen charging function creates obvious effects on cure of chronic diseases; especially for the abdomen, waist, and the joints of the backbone etc., and also even the crura and knees of the lower limbs.

The moves should be directed by idiodynamic thoughts when revolving the waist together and the crotch in accordance with the inner conversion of the yin-yang, and all pair of “false/true” inner transforming moves are contradictory to each other. When thoughts direct moves and Qi movements forwards, the front part of a body is the place for Qi to reach, and is the real part fully charged with blood and vigor energy. There is a Taoist saying: the part refers to a state of True, vise verse a state of False. The part full of thoughts, as well as blood and vigor energy is True, in terms of Yang, vise verse False in terms of Yin, and which is also called a state of Inaction.

It is strongly recommended that the revolving reeling pattern should be carried out in a form of interlinked two cycles, as indicated the Yin/Yang Fish symbol in the Tai Chi Emblem, with interchanged revolving direction when using the right and left part of the waist and crotch, which is similar to writing an 8 figure in each half turn of the two cycles, at the same time the Yin/Yang of the waist and crotch needs to be exhibited in combination with physical respiration.

Yin/Yang of Lower Body

The solid kung fu of the lower body is fundamental to any type of martial arts, for the Taoist kung fu, in terms of the Nei-jia kung fu (Internal kung fu), there are clear requirements on the lower part of the body, it is the key to a success for the practice of the Taoist kung fu.

The practicing of lower part for the Taoist kung fu is basically a consecutive transforming of the revolving along the linking joints of the waist, crotch, leg, knee, and ankle, and smoothily converting of the weight point on the upper part body according to the rules of the Yin/Yang in terms of the True/False actions, and changing moves in line with real needs in the application of combating techniques. This type of application requires forward stance, false stance, and other stepping using only single leg, and is completely different from the big forward stance using both legs for the External Kung Fu.

While, the Yin/Yang and the True/False that the Taoist kung fu should be clear-cut, which does not mean being as stiff as a poker. This clear-cut refers to the same state of a non paused changing process as the natural world of the universe, in terms of that, “Yang exists in Yin, Yin exists in Yang, True exists in False, False exists in True, undistinguishable on True or False”.

For example, as at the walking stance in practicing of the whole form set, forward and backward paces, or pace holding stance, any physical foot is not forcibly and stiffly placed on the ground, but should be heel slightly lifted, actually a process of Yang containing Yin or True containing False, the transfer of body weight center to another foot tends to be efficient, at the same time it would be more easier to act double chop kicking. And also Yin/Yang is applied in kicks, as lifting up the knee, the belly should be drawn inward to inhale fresh Qi into the Min Men of the back spine at the waist height, while all muscles of the lifted leg should be loosened up, and the Qi exhale and the following release of burst energy are carried out as the toes is kicked out or the heel is thrust out, This kick process illustrates the transforming process between Qi in-breathing with a Yin nature and out-breathing with a Yang nature, meanwhile it is virtually a process of motional softness changing into rigidity.

The lower part of a body in the forward stance of the Taoist kung fu can be a compared instance as standing in a boat, floating in the ocean and is gone with the waves, as the feet must be flexible enough to balance the body and be used to the balancing under the condition. Presuming the exercise is carried out in this type of environment, and then it is not hard to understand the importance of transformation between Yin/Yang and False/True. To reach the level of this kung fu, the first thing is to completely relax the whole body, then all muscles become soft and elastic, reactions become quick, and judgements become adequate, then the practice will succeed.

Yin/Yang in Techniques

For all martial art practitioners, the majority have paid close attentions on the diversification of the technical forms on their hands, while rare persons have the real understanding on the conversions in Yin/Yang and False/True, most of them believe the factitious hand techniques are namely the techniques of Tai Chi. In fact, true techniques of Tai Chi must illustrate the transformation of Yin/Yang, and which starts from the Yin/Yang of the body, initially at waist and legs and then transferred to shoulder blade by the way of breath, then elbow and wrist, finally to the hands, the power conveying in the whole process should be conducted in flexile and pliable conditions.

The transformation of Yin/Yang in techniques has to be in accordance with the body movements. “Fundamental sets at the waist and application comes from the hands”, and it needs Yin/Yang which is the same as the breath , the postural body techniques are that, containing the chest and pulling up the back as in-breathing, sinking the shoulders and droop the elbows, drawing in the abdomen and sit-up. Which is of a closing stance, and the hand techniques are attributable to Yin, at the moment the palm side is upward, the arm revolves inwards, all figures are bent slightly, the centre of the palm contained, loosening the shoulders and let it sinking attribute to storing-up stance and withdrawing stance. Visa verse for the out-breathing situation, the postural body technique is to pull up the chest slightly, stretch out the back spine, revolve the arm outwards, the palm side is outward and keep the back straight, hold the wrist and loosen the figures, with the chest slightly leaning forth and both shoulders lifted up as taking in-breathing.

As to the mind set, the concentration is left on the back of the hand for in-breath, visa verse it is on the palm side or palm bottom. When the movement of Qi which is combined with the changes of the hand techniques, the applied Qi is the driving force for performing various consecutive actions by the hands, including all of Yin, Yang, False, and True revolving moves, as well as the combating techniques used in all moving directions such as drawing back and expand out, opening up and closing off, loosening and tightening, etc. At the same time, the Qi is transferred to the hands by the powerful forces of the waist and legs, becoming the spiral vital energy, in terms of the folk saying. The Yin-Yang of the hand techniques, namely the Soft/Rigid performance, any technique follows the application of the rule as mentioned in case of either individual exercises, or pushing hand between two, even combating, sometime a loud roar voicing during an out-breathing is often applied if there is the need for a better result of an energy released in a sudden burst.

The application of the Yin/Yang as concerning to the hand techniques includes two aspects: firstly, in real practice, it is used as a mean of massage therapy for patients, actually an adequate application of revolving pliable energy strength makes patients a comfortable feeling to receive treatment, and assist to improve the effectiveness. The second, the reaction would be precise, speedy, strong aural detecting strength and dismissing capability with high level proficiency, often attacks are turned off or away by taking the advantages of the attacking momentum, virtually to give as good as one gets , that is the wise aspects of the Tai Chi and Ba Gua kung fu.

Yin/Yang and Push Hands for Combat

A practicing progress that is from the basic pushing hands to combating, an understanding on Yin/Yang and real insights into False/True must take place, actually the learning of an Actual Detecting Strength and Understanding Strength. The aim of Aural Detecting Strength is to know the enemy and know yourself (the term in The Art of War), then keep clear of other party and follow the moves of other party in order to dissolve the power of the attacking party. Basically, Aural Sense Strength is a prerequisite for Understanding Strength , which is to know the power strength and moving direction by one’s own sense. The kind of feeling sense is just Aural Sense Strength, where the momentum and direction of an arriving energy and going potential are detected, both of Aural Sense Strength and Understanding Strength are mastered till the moment that “Four liangforce can leverage the power of over a thousand jins is to be carried out.

The theories of Tai Chi Chuan say that “deflected presenting opportunities”, “stagnancy being from weighty interaction” , literally it states that the rule of Yin/Yang should be followed in pushing hands for combating. Attack action which attributes to the nature of Yang (masculinity) can be dissolved by a tactic of Yin (femininity), it refers to stepping aside for defence, vice verse, when an opponent fails to attack and withdraw back, as being in a state of “Deflection”, then a positive “Adhesive force following deflective weakness”. While, when facing attacking with strong force, no head-on-head defending is allowed, otherwise the fault of “stagnancy being from weighty interaction” . Yin/Yang is two aspects of the law, a unity of opposites, “strengths for weakness, focus for trivial, softness overriding firmness, no loosened empty and no head-on confrontation”.

As to taking the advantages of other’s force and having it eliminated, and further the super level kung fu, in terms of giving a Roland for an Oliver , can be reached, which largely is dependant on the real situation encountered. Because an opponent would carry on the attacking momentum after it is turned off, as at the time the opponent would not be able to held the feet and inevitably tumble to the ground, if the reeling revolving technique which intends to evade attack force is employed, the striking momentum of the opponent would be turned around and it would be rebound to the opponent, actually a process of “giving a Roland for an Oliver”, whereas an extra force by side can be added on to knock down the opponent. The Taoist practicing aims to improve healthiness and remove illness, basically targeting a better quality life and longevity, however, the wounding technique used for combat which is not in accordance with the Heeling & Meditation Tenet is strongly not encouraged. The learning of Tai Chi and Ba Gua kung fu should pay attention on the practicing of virtuous moral set, the technique of “a Roland for an Oliver” can not be used on one’s own discretion in order to avoid any deep injury.

Revolving Twisting and Spiral Reeling

The moves of the revolving twisting and spiral reeling are the going round forms particularly featured in the Tai Chi and Ba Gua kung fu, it contains the law of the Yin/Yang and False/True transformations, apart from the function of relieving rigidity of muscles and activating collaterals, dispersing stagnated channels and meridians and vessels, boosting the circulation of blood and qi, it also strengthen body fitness and reduce heavy weight, readjusting build, shaping figure, as well as the specific effects of qi mobilization and release of power bursting, dispelling catching and fetching, getting rid of the restraints on moves.

When practicing the kung fu, all exercises for moves are taken in the forms of loosening and elasticity. The method is to combine the cycle and arc walking with revolving twisting and spiral wiring movement exercises. A regular use of this method for practicing may have the physique become soft character, muscles become gentle and elastic, and then all moves can be well under control in the relaxed and gentle mode, especially for the part of waist and abdomen, which has a direct weight reducing effect for those fatty body figures. In conjunction with The Taoist “highly concentrated Qi and delicate softness” abdomen style deep breath, it promotes the inner organs to conduct self theoretical massage, so the internal fat would not accumulate inside the body, and the result would be a flat but not a fatty belly. Then an adequate shape of the physique can be flexible to do exercises.

If the practicing method as mentioned above is used in training, there will be a great method for adjusting and humanizing inner body balance, its effect is not only on health condition but also improvement on the self balancing ability of elders, minimizing the possibility of unconscious fall down. In respect of the self defense, it maybe used to confront the attacks of arresting, catching, and wrestling, by applying the technique of utilizing the attacking force from an opponent and have it dissolved, and also the tactic of turning around stepping or sinking squat to unload the force, the attack offensive can be eliminated, if some techniques reversing to the arresting and catching are applied to draw the body of the opponent to loose physical balance, it would be very easy to knock the opponent down.

The application of the special revolving technique in theoretical massage would produce unique effectiveness. As to a part of limbs such as a joint where there are ill or shifted muscles and veins due to out surface injury, by applying this type of special revolving technique the injured part may be expedited to revert successfully to their original positions. There have been a few cases that I have treated dislocated and twisted joint by taking this technique, the curative effect is 50 % faster than the one under normal medical treatment. The reason is simple that, at the first the shifted or ill part is reverted its position and normal condition by a special handy technique, then a heated special herb alcohol drink is applied to the wounded part, intending to enhance the circulation of the blood and vital energy, eliminate the obstruction of blood vessels and acesodyne, eventually the affected part would be in a normal condition.

Tai Chi & Ba Gua kung fu for Traumatic- Orthopedic Massage

The Taoist ideologies has a guidance on everything of our world for the practitioners, there have been many Taoist practitioners who eventually became well known servicemen at all social levels, from civilians of the stratum to the big figures such as state, political and economical domains. For instance, the origination and the development of traditional Chinese medicine, military art of war, cosmetic science, and education and publicity culture, domestic ethics and moral behaviours for the existence in the society etc are all permeated with the Taoist theories.

The physiotherapy massage of traditional Chinese medicine which has passed down over several thousand years, is a set of complete systematic medical means, a methodology for medical treatment, it has been well regarded by the society around the world from ancient time to the modern ear. There is always a set of physiotherapy massage techniques for traumatic treatment among the major kung fu branches of Chinese traditional martial arts professionals , they have been used as instant medical treatment methods for the occasions that disciples are injured in their exercises or wounded in combat practices with other fellows. The creation of a methodology (including herb medication) for medical treatment is a traumatic -orthopedic treatment system which must be possessed by every high standard school. It is not hard to understand that unexpected injury to the body happen quite often when practicing the skills, a master trainer would not be able to maintain the career of teaching kung fu if injured learner is sent to a doctor on every occasion.

The Taoist kung fu owns a set of unique techniques for physiotherapy treatment on traumatic -orthopedic injuries which is not the same as the general injuries. Because the Taoist Wudan kung fu is one’s real experiences and savvies gained from the practice of Tai Chi & Ba Gua kung fu which creates the condition and power of a body with softness and elasticity, and plus frequently occurred injury accidents in combat and fighting over a long period of time (the author has the experience of self traumatic treatment after injured in practise for a few times), and also all acquirements of knowledge in the traditional Chinese traumatology and orthopaedics encompassing the traditional Chinese pathology, pharmacy, physiology, somatology, anatomy, and also clinic experience of medical treatment , only the combination of the entire knowledge mentioned above constitutes the content of the qualified Taoist physiotherapy massage. So, the author has a few cases of medical treatment, that indicates it may take only about ten minutes to bring diaphysis into effect for normal arthrosis shift and muscle wrick, and the accessory physiotherapy were used to cure the wounded area by special medicated wine preserved with herbs and natural nutritional ingredients. And in general, the recovery of normal functions was only in a few days.

The Taoist kung fu owns a set of unique techniques for physiotherapy treatment on traumatic -orthopedic injuries which is not the same as the general injuries. Because the Taoist Wudan kung fu is one’s real experiences and savvies gained from the practice of Tai Chi & Ba Gua kung fu which creates the condition and power of a body with softness and elasticity, and plus frequently occurred injury accidents in combat and fighting over a long period of time (the author has the experience of self traumatic treatment after injured in practise for a few times), and also all acquirements of knowledge in the traditional Chinese traumatology and orthopaedics encompassing the traditional Chinese pathology, pharmacy, physiology, somatology, anatomy, and also clinic experience of medical treatment , only the combination of the entire knowledge mentioned above constitutes the content of the qualified Taoist physiotherapy massage. So, the author has a few cases of medical treatment, that indicates it may take only about ten minutes to bring diaphysis into effect for normal arthrosis shift and muscle wrick, and the accessory physiotherapy were used to cure the wounded area by special medicated wine preserved with herbs and natural nutritional ingredients. And in general, the recovery of normal functions was only in a few days.

or those past injuries which have been left untreated in time and cured after hurt, the arthroses at the bone joints and the veins in the muscles of injured part may be sticked together a few years later, forming nugget which seriously blocks the circulation of blood and vigour energy, and causing numbness or pain, this is a stubborn illness and extremely different to cure. For this type of wounded part of physical injuries, the Tai Chi & Ba Gua kung fu and massage techniques have to be used, meanwhile, accompanied by the exercises of the kung fu, through physiotherapeutic means with the combination of internal and external treatment, in general all of them can be cured.

I have used my experiences to coach many students who have the injuries that were suffered previously, and by taking the combination method, the mentioned massage and practise the Tai Chi & Ba Gua kung fu, they have mastered of the Tai Chi & Ba Gua kung fu and while have their lasting injuries cured after the learning and receiving medical treatment for a few year, realizing the curative effect from self serviced massage, the results have been under control in long time meditation and practise, that comes to be the ultimate medical effect.

The Difference between “Four Liangs levering thousand Jins” and “Release of energy in a Sudden Burst”

The Chinese idiom phrase “four Liang strength levering thousand Jin force” is a technique used in self defence, it is one of the applied moves for Tai Chi & Ba Gua of Wudang martial arts, this applied technique for self defence accords with the tenet of “cultivation of mind and conservation of mood”, the slang is meant by disintegrating the striking force from opponent, and does not contain the expression of count attacking. If the tactic of “a Roland for an Oliver” is undertaken after disintegration of attacking from opponent, then actually a turnabout move against the opponent takes place.

In the contemporary century, some Tai Chi masters have not studied the Taoist Yin/Yang theoretical fundamentals, and the principle “highly concentrated qi and delicate softness” for the practice, they thought the basic is to practice a thousand Jin strength so as to fight against a thousand Ji force. They were not clear about the rules of “mechanics” and even more of “the science of physics”. The Taoist kung fu claims “four Liang strength levering thousand Jin force” is literally the meaning of “softness overcoming rigidity”, it is not a move of using thousand Jin force to confront a striking thousand Jin force.

The word “softness” itself literally stands for “gentleness and agility” and “elasticity”, “ softness overcoming rigidity” is of skilfully using “mechanics” principle to confront a striking force with a thousand Jin power. Essentially, any one has a natural borne strength, especially a person with a normal health condition, certain strength of force can be created by swings the arms, yet, the rather that a person is able to move qi and practise qi gong, (chi kung), till the moment that the a state of practice becomes “focus right followed by qi, and qi right followed by strength”, the swing of arms surely has considerable strength. The self defence techniques of the Tai Chi & Ba Gua kung fu is based on “cross-contact overcomes straight striking” and revolving disintegration method, revolving and reversing arm is used to hold strong striking force from opponent, the striking momentum can be turned away in the way of the parabola principle in physics, the opponent naturally can not hold forward momentum with added revolving strength tangent to the revolving cycle, which becomes to be a situation that body balance can not be controlled. As at the time, even a little force pushed on the body of a forward bumping opponent, the person would tumble to the ground.

“Four Liang strength levering thousand Jin force” is completely different from the saying as “releasing energy in a sudden burst” , the former phrase is a case of applying “physics” while the later one is simply a general action of a brute force. Some people believe “moderate soft and moderate rigid” is just “half Yin and half Yang, the coordination of a paired Yin and Yang”, however, it is merely the method of “one sinking by one releasing” for “releasing energy in a sudden burst”, which is that, sinking the body in a posture of the horse riding squat tending to conserve the energy is employed to bear the attacking power of the other party when meeting a straight striking force, and then a recoiling force is used to push it back with the help of the feet heavily stepping on the ground, this indicates that only the possession of a strength with over thousand jin power is able to turn down a force with over thousand Jin power, the manner of that a force equals to a corresponding force surely does not accord with the principle of the Taoist Tai Chi & Ba Gua kung fu. There is an old saying that “no failure for round shape, and of the Thirty-Six Stratagems, fleeing is best” , which is the open sesame for “four Liang strength levering thousand Jin force” in a way of that“softness overcomes rigidity” , the wise techniques of a true Tai Chi & Ba Gua kung fu is just the way as illustrated, this practicing method is beneficial to health if carried out for a long term, because “four Liang strength levering thousand Jin force” is to turn a thousand Jin force of an opponent away from the outer skins and muscles but not entering into the own body, and letting the striking force makes no damage to the inner organs, a real case of the method that “softness overcomes rigidity”. Yet, it is the way of “health and self-defense, fitness and longevity” which is one aspect of the Tai Chi & Ba Gua kung fu identical to no any other else.

On the other hand, practice for long in a way of “ releasing power in a sudden burst” would cause certain level damage to the inner organs and blood nerves, since long lasting endurance of the punching power and vibration driven by a force with over-thousand Jin strength is affirmatively harmful to some normal functions of the inner organs. Because that if a fight-back in a way of “ releasing power in a sudden burst ” is used before the striking of the over-thousand Jin force from an opponent, the first thing is to let the over-thousand Jin force passing the body and sinking to the bottom of the feet, and “ releasing power in a sudden burst ” driven by the reaction can be carried out in virtue of the solid ground. With respect to the human body, the force with over-thousand Jin strength regardless of either the one received from the opponent and passing through the body or self created would create enormous internal pressure which tends to damage inner organs. Therefore, the way of “releasing power in a sudden burst ” is not one of aims promoted by the practitioners of the Taoist kung fu. In fact, in the last century, there have been many cases that some Tai Chi masters at their aging years often have had the diseases of blood vessel obstruction or verves injury, even leading to serious disability and functional disorder symptom, this is not in accordance with “ ceased aging with health and longevity ”, that is a reason why the practice of Tai Chi fails to reach the object of healthiness and longevity, which should be paid due attention.

Introduction to the Tai Chi & Ba Gua kung fu and self-defence

For any school of martial arts there is always a set of skills for self defence and for combat with their own features, while the Tai Chi & Ba Gua kung fu has the focus on the study of self defence. Because the Tai Chi & Ba Gua kung fu falls into the contents of the Taoist practice, which should be in accordance with the tenet of “cultivation of mind and preservation of mood, healthiness and longevity” . The aims of the practice is for the “maintenance of fitness and conservation of Qi” , but not for combat, at the same time, remarkable effectiveness of health condition and abundant & flourishing blood and vigour energy, then the capability of self defence can be naturally generated. Acting is quick, and reacting is rapid, light-heeled and act freely, equipped with this type of health condition and plus the skills of Tai Chi & Ba Gua, accurately applying the rules of physics and following up the principle of “four Liang strength levering thousand Jin force” , it may not need great efforts to conduct self protection.

Firstly, mentality and ideology guide real action, every facet should follow the tenet and fundamentals for the Taoism practice. The ancients established the forms of the Tai Chi & Ba Gua kung fu, all of them are of the nature for self-defense, a passive fight-back would be taken only under the situation of facing an active attack. The art of “giving up and following up, fighting back by taking the advantages” is just the Tai Chi & Ba Gua kung I am coaching at the current, literally it means that the very first thing is to try to escape the trouble encountered, and then concede for three moves in virtue of that action is right after courtesy, only after knowing the attacking from and striking direction, the way of“counter attacking in virtue of aggressing force, fighting back by taking the advantages” . Of my practice in dozen years, quite often there is such kind of practical combat experience, that is opponent was knocked down under the prerequisite of no self injury occurring, or opponent was aware of the toughness and decided to withdraw.

The most special feature of the self defense skills in the Tai Chi & Ba Gua kung fu is the combination of “loosening and softness” and “reeling revolving”, and becoming an angle directed drawing force, if this force was acted on the punching force from the opponent, forming a greater strength in a parabola path, eventually realizing the object of “four Liang strength levering thousand Jin force” . On the other hand, when applying a slanting force to hit an opponent, because the force would not deeply hurt the body of the opponent, then there will be two effects: the first, the inner organs of the opponent would not be hurt by the strength because the direction of the angled striking would be changed or assimilated as contacting with each other, otherwise straight strength would cause direct damages deeply to the inner organs. The second, the applying of a slanting strength is intended to draw away the straightaway striking force, followed by a tactic of pulling the opponent down. More, the tangent angle to an arc path can be adjusted, in terms of that the strength of the fore on the opponent can be increased or decreased to a degree of causing no injury to the body of the opponent. It comes to the conclusion that once straightaway force is given off, it is very hard to have the force ceased and the direction changed, actually the manner of easily causing injury is not in accordance with the Taoist principle of“cultivation of mind and conservation of mood” . Yet, the state of “loosening and softness” and also “reeling revolving” are the conditions for freely and facilitated actions, the achievement of “four Liang strength levering thousand Jin force” is a long lasting practice of Tai Chi in combination with Ba Gua.

The higher artistic conception for practicing the Taoist kung fu is that disposing a proper strike of a limited power, and also “forgiving the opponent wherever the necessary is” . In the reality, it is quite often for me to interchange the experiences with some strong young men in pair of hand-to-hand pushing exercises, as any of pushing or enforced snatching moves were easily dismantled by using the skill of “four Liang strength levering thousand Jin force” . Even, one master level practitioner didn’t believe my “four Liangs” can lever his “thousand Jin force”, he took a special trip to Sydney to meet with me, then after a set of pushing exercises in pair in only three minutes he believed. Afterwards, he consulted with me for a higher level of kung fu, and suggested to set up a Tai Chi & Ba Gua branch at his place in order to promote the “four Liang strength levering thousand Jin force” skill, some time later his disciples did some outstanding performances and acquired top three ranking positions in a local push hand and free combat contest.

At the moment, there are also branches set up in Melbourne and Brisbane, and there are numerous students under my direct coaching and promoting the “four Liang strength levering thousand Jin force” skill and the basic “softness overcomes rigidity” kung fu, fundamentally the feature is a combination of “loosening and softness” and “reeling revolving” . For the interest and any enquiry on the learning and instruction, please contact me directly on: 0417275325.